Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Boosting Assessment Practice through Domains, Technology, and Partnerships - Assignment Example From this paper plainly the space additionally incorporates the non-verbal relational abilities. The language aptitudes created by kids assist them with communicating just as comprehend others as they cooperate with them. In the appraisal of the social aptitudes of a student, the instructor concentrates how the kids see themselves comparable to other people. In this evaluation, the educator concentrates how the youngster identifies with their friends and grown-ups in their condition. This may include how well they structure companionships, act and reasonable on as a component of a group, the improvement of their distinction and how they act because of the sentiments of others. This examination talks about that the manner in which kids identify with others is an impression of how they see themselves. As youngsters build up a solid confidence, they create significant social associations with others. As an instructor, it is important to decide how well a student can get things done for themselves. It breeds a type of autonomy that is essential for the improvement of a youngster. This includes testing some fundamental aptitudes, for example, utilizing the can, eating, how well the kid can clean themselves among others. Youngsters gain proficiency with some degree of freedom on the off chance that they are left to do some essential things without anyone else. This freedom is significant for the kids as they develop towards adulthood. This is a space of discovering that is identified with how well a youngster can arrange their body parts to accomplish something significant. This includes creeping, strolling and running.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Also, President Lee is a solid lover of facilitated commerce understandings (Fats) between outside nations, and South Korea currently has Fats with the European Union, the US of America, and the SEAN nations. The present president Implemented new enactment to make South Korea increasingly alluring for remote financial specialists. It will, for instance, lower corporate expense rates and decrease managerial limitations on business tasks and venture. We will compose a custom article test on South Korean Pest or on the other hand any comparative theme just for you Request Now Moreover, South Korea has various motivating forces to make outside speculation more at-appealing. These impetuses are: Tax support, Cash award, Site area support, and other sup-port. A. Expense bolster When outside organizations meet certain necessities, Income and corporate duty from earned Income, business Income, profit Income, innovation installments and custom du-titles on capital merchandise can be either diminished or be dependent upon administration In agreement with the Restriction of Special Taxation Act. B. Money award When an outside financial specialist meets certain rules, neighborhood or potentially national government can offer a money award when the speculator needs to assemble another plant for instance. These models are e. G. The making of occupations, the area of the new plant, if the speculation intercedes with lo-cal venture and so on. C. Site area South Korea gives alleged Free Investment Zones (Fizz). These are to pull in remote Investors/organizations. There are two kinds of Fizz: Complex and Individual. The unpredictable sort Is for little and medium measured firm wear as the individual kind Is for enormous corpora-devices with huge Investments. The prerequisites are to be found In the informative supplements. At the point when an outside organization buys or rents a land parcel or land possessed by the gob-adornment of South Korea, the organization can apply for decrease or agreement of the rental installment. Be that as it may, the organization must meet certain measures. These are additionally to be found in the reference sections. Step by step instructions to refer to South Korean Pest, Papers
Wednesday, August 19, 2020
How to Apply to College in 4 Steps Ah, the college application. The troll on the bridge. Instead of quizzing you with riddles, though, this troll is asking you to submit lengthy forms full of personal information to his office before a specified date. Regardless of any of our thoughts on the security system of this bridge, everyone who wants to get into college has to apply. Thereâs no way to it but through it, and hereâs how itâll get done. 1. Have your list of colleges ready. This oneâs tough. Youâre going to have to figure out where you actually want to apply to at some point. If youâre racing against the clock, definitely start the applications for colleges you know youâll apply to. If you have the luxury of time, though, it might be a good idea to finalize your list before you start sending out any documents or paying any application fees. (Are you truly lost about where to apply? Never fear;weâre here to help.) 2. Know all dates and deadlines. Once you have your list, figure outwhich of your colleges use the Common App, which ones use Coalition, and which have their own applications. This will help you keep track of how many separate applications youâll need to fill out and when theyâre due. Some important deadlines to know: when early action or early decision applications are duewhen regular applications are duewhen any documents like transcripts, letters of recommendation, and test scores need to be received by the school 3. Gather your materials. High School Courses and Grades Plan to share your high school courses and grades with each of the colleges to which you apply. If youâre asked to provide official transcripts, they usually need to be sent directly from your high school administration office to the trollâ"that is, to the college youâre applying to. The âofficialnessâ has to do with the fact that youâre not the middle-man. If youâre asked to self-report your courses and grades, youâll list them on your application yourself. You donât need to send an official transcript to that college unless you later choose to enroll there. Make sure what you add matches your transcript exactly; if a college discovers any discrepancies, they can rescind your offer of admission! Your high school counselor should help you through this process, but try to have your list of colleges ready to go when you send out any transcripts. You can request to have transcripts sent to additional colleges later if you need to, but youâll have to fill out a new form every time you doâ"and who wants to do that? Test Scores Most of your college applications will want to know your standardized test scores (thatâs the whole point of those dang things!). Again, some colleges will ask you to self-report these scores, while others will require official score reports directly from the testing agency. When you sign up to take tests like the SAT or ACT, you can ask them to send your scores to a group of colleges. However, if you later decide that you want your scores sent to another school, youâll have to submit a request to the testing agency. This shouldnât be a problem as long as you notify the testing agency on time. (If you havenât taken your standardized tests yet, be sure to register for a date as soon as you can!) Letters of Recommendation âUhh â¦ Ms. Smith? I know that I sort of broke your leg when you tripped over my backpack that I left on the stairs, but â¦ could you be one of my college references?â âWhy, of course, Liz! Iâd be delighted!â That wasnât too hard, was it? But Liz could do better. How about this: âHi, Ms. Smith. I really have enjoyed our class so far, and I was wondering if you could write me a letter of recommendation for college.â âOf course, Liz! And donât worry, my leg is feeling much better now!â Some colleges also ask students to provide them with letters of recommendation. It can be the Big Anxiety of the Day to ask someone to write you a recommendation letter, but it wonât be as scary as you imagine. Most of the individuals youâre likely to ask will probably have written one of these letters before, so this wonât be as big a deal to them as it is to you. Just make sure to keep these things in mind when youâre asking: Pick people who you think have some good things to say about you, whatever those may be.Ask them in person.Give them enough notice to write their recommendation (at the very least, two weeks).When youâre ready (it doesnât have to be right when you ask them), give them an organized list of all the schools youâre applying to.Be sure to actuallyask themâ"donât just put their name and email down on your application without telling them! 4. Tackle the application and the essay. College applications start out pretty easy. Youâll probably begin by filling out simple things like your name and birthday (âHey, I know this one!â), then move to more tedious sections like writing about your experiences and putting down any clubs, sports, or volunteering youâve participated in (âDo I put that I was part of the Banana Club?â Yes.). Youâll be asked questions about your parentsâ or guardianâs background, like what kind of education they have or where they work (âMom, how old are you again?â). Then comes the hardest part: the essay. Youâll probably be given an essay question (or several) to answer in around 400 words or so. These essays are usually the biggest source of stress for students during the application process. It can be pretty hard to know what to write, especially if youâre trying to be memorable while also following the guidelines. Want our advice?Answer the prompt. Make sure that youâre addressing the question youâre asked. While it may be tempting to respond toDescribe a time where you succeeded despite challengeswith âBanana club banana club banana club banana club banana â¦ ,â itâs likely that some people in this world wonât possess your first-class humor, and they wonât understand why the Banana Club instantly qualifies you for admission. Applying to Illinois?? If youd like some pointers as you start your application, check out our application guide and how to tackle our essay question. The bridges to college can be difficult and scary. Not every troll will let you pass. If you keep your eyes on whatâs ahead and trust yourself, though, youâll be fine. Work hard and try not to procrastinate; youâll get there in the end. applying college college prep resources Illinois Admissions We're here for you as you prepare for college. Whether you're looking for guidance on the college search process or have questions about Illinois, we hope our blogs will help!
Sunday, May 24, 2020
Born at Ballston Spa, NY on June 26, 1819, Abner Doubleday was the son of Representative Ulysses F. Doubleday and his wife, Hester Donnelly Doubleday. Raised in Auburn, NY, Doubleday came from a strong military tradition as his father had fought in the War of 1812 and his grandfathers had served during the American Revolution. Educated locally in his early years, he was later sent to live with an uncle in Cooperstown, NY so that he could attend a private preparatory school (Cooperstown Classical and Military Academy). While there, Doubleday received training as a surveyor and civil engineer. Throughout his youth, he expressed interests in reading, poetry, art, and mathematics. After two years of private practice, Doubleday received an appointment to the US Military Academy at West Point. Arriving in 1838, his classmates included John Newton, William Rosecrans, John Pope, Daniel H. Hill, George Sykes, James Longstreet, and Lafayette McLaws. Though regarded as a Ã¢â¬Å"diligent and thoughtful student, Doubleday proved an average scholar and he graduated in 1842 ranked 24th in a class of 56. Assigned to the 3rd US Artillery, Doubleday initially served at Fort Johnson (North Carolina) before moving through several assignments in coastal fortifications. Mexican-American War With the outbreak of the Mexican-American War in 1846, Doubleday received a transfer west to the 1st US Artillery. Part of Major General Zachary Taylors army in Texas, his unit commenced preparing for the invasion of northeastern Mexico. Doubleday soon marched south and saw action at the hard-fought Battle of Monterrey. Remaining with Taylor the following year, he served at Rinconada Pass during the Battle of Buena Vista. On March 3, 1847, shortly after the battle, Doubleday was promoted to first lieutenant. Returning home, Doubleday married Mary Hewitt of Baltimore in 1852. Two years later, he was ordered to the frontier for service against the Apaches. He completed this assignment in 1855 and received a promotion to captain. Dispatched south, Doubleday served in Florida during the Third Seminole War from 1856-1858 and also helped to map the Everglades as well as modern Miami and Fort Lauderdale. Charleston Fort Sumter In 1858, Doubleday was posted to Fort Moultrie in Charleston, SC. There he endured the growing sectional strife that marked the years immediately before the Civil War and commented, Ã¢â¬Å"Almost every public assemblage was tinctured with treasonable sentiments and toasts against the flag were always warmly applauded.Ã¢â¬ Doubleday remained at Fort Moultrie until Major Robert Anderson withdrew the garrison to Fort Sumter after South Carolina seceded from the Union in December 1860. On the morning of April 12, 1861, Confederate forces in Charleston opened fire on Fort Sumter. Within the fort, Anderson selected Doubleday to fire the first shot of the Union response. Following the forts surrender, Doubleday returned north and was quickly promoted to major on May 14, 1861. With this came an assignment to the 17th Infantry in Major General Robert Pattersons command in the Shenandoah Valley. In August, he was transferred to Washington where he commanded batteries along the Potomac. On February 3, 1862, he was promoted to brigadier general and placed in command of the Washington defenses. Second Manassas With the formation of Major General John Popes Army of Virginia in the summer of 1862, Doubleday received his first combat command. Leading the 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, III Corps, Doubleday played a key role at Brawners Farm during the opening actions of the Second Battle of Bull Run. Though his men were routed the next day, they rallied to cover the retreat of the Union army on August 30, 1862. Transferred to the I Corps, Army of the Potomac with the rest of Brigadier General John P. Hatchs division, Doubleday next saw action at the Battle of South Mountain on September 14. Army of the Potomac When Hatch was wounded, Doubleday took command of the division. Retaining command of the division, he led them at the Battle of Antietam three days later. Fighting in the West Woods and Cornfield, Doubledays men held the right flank of the Union army. Recognized for his superior performance at Antietam, Doubleday was brevetted to lieutenant colonel in the Regular Army. On November 29, 1862, he was promoted to major general. At the Battle of Fredericksburg on December 13, Doubledays division was held in reserve and avoided taking part in the Union defeat. In the winter of 1863, I Corps was reorganized and Doubleday was shifted to command the 3rd Division. He served in this role at the Battle of Chancellorsville that May, but his men saw little action. As Lees army moved north in June, Major General John ReynoldsÃ¢â¬â¢ I Corps led the pursuit. Arriving in Gettysburg on July 1, Reynolds moved to deploy his men in support of Brigadier General John Bufords cavalry. While directing his men, Reynolds was shot and killed. Command of the corps devolved on Doubleday. Racing forward, he completed the deployment and guided the corps through the opening stages of the battle. Gettysburg Positioned northwest of the town, Doubledays men were badly outnumbered by the approaching Confederate army. Fighting valiantly, I Corps held their position for five hours and was only forced to retreat after XI Corps collapsed on their right. Outnumbered 16,000 to 9,500, Doubledays men inflicted 35-60% casualties on seven of the ten Confederate brigades that attacked them. Falling back to Cemetery Hill, the remains of I Corps held their position for the remainder of the battle. On July 2, the commander of the Army of the Potomac, Major General George Meade, replaced Doubleday as commander of I Corps with the more junior Newton. This was largely the result of a false report submitted by the XI Corps commander, Major General Oliver O. Howard, stating that I Corps broke first. It was fostered by a long-running dislike of Doubleday, whom he believed indecisive, which went back to South Mountain. Returning to his division, Doubleday was wounded in the neck later in the day. After the battle, Doubleday officially requested that he be given command of I Corps. When Meade refused, Doubleday departed the army and rode to Washington. Assigned to administrative duties in the city, Doubleday served on courts martial and commanded part of the defenses when Lieutenant General Jubal Early threatened to attack in 1864. While in Washington, Doubleday testified before Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War and criticized Meades conduct at Gettysburg. With the end of hostilities in 1865, Doubleday remained in the army and reverted to his regular rank of lieutenant colonel on August 24, 1865. Promoted to colonel in September 1867, he was given command of the 35th Infantry. Later Life Posted to San Francisco in 1869, to head the recruiting service, he obtained a patent for a cable car railway system and opened the citys first cable car company. In 1871, Doubleday was given command of the African-American 24th Infantry in Texas. After commanding the regiment for two years, he retired from the service. Settling in Mendham, NJ, he became involved with Helena Blavatsky and Henry Steel Olcott. The founders of the Theosophical Society, they converted Doubleday to the tenets of Theosophy and Spiritualism. When the pair moved to India to continue their studies, Doubleday was named the president of the American chapter. He continued to live in Mendham until his death on January 26, 1893. Doubledays name is most commonly known due to its association with the origins of baseball. While the 1907 Mills Commission Report states that the game was invented by Doubleday at Cooperstown, NY in 1839, subsequent scholarship has proven this unlikely. Despite this, Doubledays name remains deeply linked to the games history.
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Ã¢â¬ ¢ Proverbs 4:20-23 - My son, attend to my words; incline thine ear unto my sayings. Let them not depart from thine eyes; keep them in the midst of thy heart. For they are life unto those that find them, and health to all their flesh. Above all that thou guardest keep thy heart; for out of it are the issues of life (Proverbs 4, n.d). Ã¢â¬ ¢ Exodus 23:25 Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"And ye shall serve the LORD your God, and he shall bless thy bread, and thy water; and I will take sickness away from the midst of thee (Exodus 23, n.d). Ã¢â¬ ¢ Psalms 91:2-4 Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"I will say of the LORD, [He is] my refuge and my fortress: my God; in him will I trust. Surely he shall deliver thee from the snare of the fowler, [and] from the noisome pestilence. He shall cover thee with his feathers,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In her belief, which mostly stems on how she was raised through the followings of the Hebrew Bible, she expresses that she does not believe Jesus to be the son of God, nor was he birthed by a virgin mother, but most importantly he is not the Messiah in which she read about through the scripture. This does not mean that she does not acknowledge his existence but that she cannot fathom his presence on earth as the chosen Messiah. She then mentioned that she felt bothered by the common misconception that the Jews debunk the theory of Jesus being the Messiah due to the fact that he was poor man. Ã¢â¬Å"How can a lowly carpenter truly be the son of God and our savior?Ã¢â¬ This is the type of questi on in which she believes that people from the Christian faith think the Jews ask themselves. She stated that in her own personal beliefs, and that she does not speak for other Jews, her Messiah could be the poorest man on earth and it would not bother her. To her, there are many inconsistencies within the Bible and from what she has been taught, that allow her to question and doubt Jesus Christs legacy. She finally discussed that within her community, they still await for GodÃ¢â¬â¢s chosen Messiah to arrive and until then, she will maintain a strong connection with her faith but also embrace others with theirs. Mr. James R. was then interviewed to share his opinions and views in
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(109) " has been proposed to be an extensive cue to depth that is effective on different distances \(Horii, 1992\)\." 1.0INTRODUCTION 1.1 Problem Definitio Through the century, film technology has grown up and makes miracle in our life, from the first projected black and white movie in 1895 to the 3D movie today. We will write a custom essay sample on How has cinema matured and developed within the last 10 years? or any similar topic only for you Order Now In the film industry, 3D movie has been very popular in recent years and it is almost becomes a need in the market. As 3D film technology is more and more matured, 2D to 3D conversion can be applied to live-action or VFX productions to add 3D depth to standard 2D material. Hence, filmmakers have different options of 3D film making to suite to their own styles and of course it will rely on the market needs as well. This project will look at which production method is better for filmmaker in term of quality, time consumption and cost. 1.2 Scope The extent of this project is to present past and current knowledge of film technology and the development of 3D stereoscopic production. Any business and marketing strategies in film industry will fall outside the scope of the project. Where the current and new 3D film technology is discussed, this report will also outline a critical analysis of each method of live-action shooting in 3D and the process of 2D to 3D conversion. 1.3 Rationale Stereoscopic filmmaking and stereo 3D conversion is an area of film technology that is constantly changing and expanding. Appearing in many forms and guides, many possibilities of production can be found, from the early development stages right through to post production. As more films are produced in 3D, filmmakers will experience a clearer perspective on the impact in time and cost of shooting in 3D relative to 2D. Hardly say that, 3D movie will take longer time to shoot and post produce than a comparable 2D films nevertheless it will cost more in overall. Hence, stereo 3D conversion will be considered due to being cost effective. Ultimately, the decision to shoot in 3D instead of 2D will depend on the investment return from the marketplace, and creative is one of the considerations too. However, affordably priced 3D camera rigs and other equipments are also being developed that will make stereoscopic 3D production accessible to independent producers on limited budgets. This projec t provides important information in 3D film making and post produced. Multimedia technology students with experience in 3D modeling, video production and post production may also benefit from this report. 1.4 Aim The overall aim of the project is to compare and contrast in post production on stereo 3D conversion and live-action stereoscopic images and to define the reason for selecting each method. 1.5 Objectives To develop an in depth understanding of 3D display, stereoscopic images and depth perception. Critically analyse research and explore the process of 2D to 3D conversion and live-action shooting. To evaluate the advantages and disadvantages between stereo 3D conversion and live-action shooting. To define which technologies on the way to best achieve a stereo conversion. 1.6 Brief History of 3D Here is the highlight of the history of 3D. In 1838, Sir Charles Wheatstone first explained Ã¢â¬Å"stereopsisÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â the perception of depth. In 1851, Queen Victoria saw a Ã¢â¬Å"stereoscopeÃ¢â¬ still image, 3D became all the rage. Around 1890, first stereo film camera introduced. Circa 1915, first red blue Ã¢â¬Å"anaglyphÃ¢â¬ movie was shown to broad audiences. In 1953, 45 films were released in 3D includes Kiss Me Kate, House of Wax, Creature from the Black Lagoon and more. In 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s, new capture and projection technologies were born but unlikely success due to eyestrain for the audience. Jaws 3D is one of the movie which projected in the cinema. Late 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s, IMAX begins projecting in 3D In 2005, Hollywood studiosÃ¢â¬â¢ Digital Cinema Initiative, aided by Entertainment Technology CentreÃ¢â¬â¢s Digital Cinema Lab, a specification for a standard digital cinema package was created. In 2009, more than two out of ten movie screens are equipped for digital 3D In 2011, 3D home experiences no longer a myth. 2.0REVIEW OF EXISTING KNOWLEDGE 2.1 Introduction The review on this report provides a rich source of knowledge about depth perception, stereoscopic images, and 3D display that can be applied to the stereoscopic image production which will be discussed on chapter four. To understand how better to present information on 3D stereoscopic, a comprehensive understanding of depth perception is necessary. In addition, knowledge of the human visual system uses as a guide on stereoscopic viewing will be covered in this section. 2.2 Stereo Vision in the Human Visual System The visual system consist retina, vitreous, iris, lens, pupil, cornea, optic disk and optic nerve. Each component of the human eye has a role that requires to work together with the brain, and the perceptive needs of the human mind. The human visual system has a physical configuration that able to build a 3D model of the world from two separate flat images taken in by the eyes. In the real world each eye sees a slightly different view of the world due to human beings have horizontally separated eyes. 2.2.1 Depth Perception Depth can be divided into binocular depth cues that image received by both eyes, and monocular depth cues that image received by just single eye. Studies with random-dot stereogram have shown that the binocular and monocular depth cues are independently perceived (Julesz, 1971). 184.108.40.206 Monocular Depth Cues At longer distances, pictorial cues such as textures, size, colours, shadows and perspective lines are more important than the binocular cues. Failure to present credible pictorial cues might cause undesirable effects and thus destroy the sensation of depth (Boev Hollosi, 2008). Texture in sufficiently symmetrical or constant patterns is a good cue to depth. Shadows work as a depth cue by indicating the size, shape, orientation and parallax of different objects. The functioning of scale as a cue to depth relies on the fact that the sizes of familiar objects are known. Focal depth has been proposed to be an extensive cue to depth that is effective on different distances (Horii, 1992). You read "How has cinema matured and developed within the last 10 years?" in category "Essay examples" A person with one blind eye has limited ability to judge distance and depth. However, they able to extract 3D information from a single 2D view through the basis depth assessment as below: Scale Ã¢â¬â through the evaluation of the relative size of objects. Superposition Ã¢â¬â from observing one object partially obscuring another. Shadow Ã¢â¬â through examining the shape of an objectÃ¢â¬â¢s shadow. Focus Ã¢â¬â through changing focus on the eye. Perspective Ã¢â¬â through observing that parallel features converge as the distance increases. The ability to judge distance can be developed with experiences; however, it can never reach the same degree that can be obtained with binocular vision (Westone Resource, 2002). 220.127.116.11 Binocular Depth Cues Figure 1 shows how geometry of binocular vision gives rise to slightly different images in two eyes. If the two eyes are fixating on a point P, then the images cast by P fall at the centre of the fovea in each eye. Now consider a second point Q. If the images of Q fell five degrees away from the fovea in both eyes we should say that Q stimulated corresponding points in the two eyes, and that Q had zero disparity. If instead the image was located 6 degrees away from the fovea in one eye but 5 degrees away in the other, we should say that Q stimulated disparate or no corresponding points and that Q produced a disparity of 1 degree. In general, if QÃ¢â¬â¢s image falls x degrees from the fovea in the left eye and y degrees from the fovea in the right eye than the binocular disparity is (x Ã¢â¬â y), measured in degrees of visual angle. The amount of disparity depends on the physical depth (d) of Q relative to the fixation point P. In fact, disparity is approximately proportional to t his depth difference divided by the square of the viewing distance (v). Thus disparity increases with the amount of depth, but decreases rapidly with increasing viewing distance (Chalmers Lo, 2003) Figure 1. Geometry of binocular vision Schreer (2005) stated that human eyes are separated from each other on average by approximately 63mm. Beyond a distance of 400 metres the change in parallactic angle becomes so small that depth perception cannot be discerned. The smallest difference in parallactic angle which can be interpreted as an impression of depth is an indication of our stereoscopic acuity (Westone Resource, 2002). 2.3 Stereoscopic Depth Cues Stereoscopic depth cues are a kind of motion parallax cues. Human is using two eyes as two points of view, and then make comparisons between these two views. Retinal disparities can be defined as discrepancies between two images. Two pictures to be processed together with specialized neurons in the visual cortex looking for these disparities, hence more information, more accurately can be extracted from motion parallaxes. Mostly horizontal parallaxes, occlusions revelations, some shape changes, and convergence cues. One could rightfully argue that there is no stereoscopic depth cue that is not a motion cue (Mendiburu, 2009). Horizontal Parallax Human brain will extracts and computes the size of the disparities to assess the distance of the objects when looking at a stereoscopic image. Occlusion Revelations Occlusion occurs when objects overlap each other. Occlusions are the most powerful depth cues. In monoscope, some parts of the background object are hidden. In stereoscopy, there is a thin stripe of the background object that is seen by only one eye. This additional texture is a major cue for the brain to reconstruct a scene, to the point that occlusion will supersede any other cue, and your brain will twist reality in every direction to make it work (Mendiburu, 2009). Shape Change In stereoscopy, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s an additional factor. The distance between human eyes is fixed at an average of 2.5 inches; therefore, the amount of Ã¢â¬Å"side viewÃ¢â¬ for per eye is the function of an objectÃ¢â¬â¢s size and distance. A dice you hold in your hand will reveal more of its sides than one on the other end of a craps table. And a building may not let you see its sides because itÃ¢â¬â¢s more that 2.5 inches wide. If you see more or less of an object, and you can locate it in the distance or have a reference shape to compare it to, then youÃ¢â¬â¢ll have enough information to infer the missing information and assess its actual size. Most of the time, this will tell you the size and distance. When shooting in 3D, filmmaker will play with the cameraÃ¢â¬â¢s interocular distance. This will create size effects on objects, landscapes, and actors, and make them feel giant or small (Mendiburu, 2009). Convergence, Parallax, and Depth Parallax is the relative position of an objectÃ¢â¬â¢s image in a set of pictures. When the parallax value of the pair of images of an object is negative, the left-eye image of the object is seen on the screen at a position that lies to the right of its right-eye image. When a viewer converge the image pair, the 3D object seems to be located in front of the screen plane. When the parallax value of the image pair is positive, the left-eye image of the object is seen on the screen at a position that lies to the left of its right-eye image. When a viewer converge the image pair, the 3D object seems to be located behind the screen plane. When the parallax value is zero, the two images of the object overlap at the screen plane. In this circumstance the object seems to the viewer to be located on the screen plane. When a viewerÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes are focused on the screen and converged on an object that appears to be in front of the screen (i.e. an object with negative parallax), the viewerÃ¢â ¬â¢s left and right eyes cross. And when a viewerÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes are focused on the plane of the screen and converged on an object that appears to be on or beyond the screen (i.e. an object with zero or positive parallax), the viewerÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes remain uncrossed. Because crossing the eyes can cause physical discomfort, filmmakers are often cautious about using excessive negative parallax, choosing instead to limit the frequency of use of the effect and the degree to which objects are allowed to intrude into the viewerÃ¢â¬â¢s space (Clark, 2010). See figure 2 for a clearer picture. Figure 2. Parallax (Autodesk, 2008) 2.4 3D Display Stereoscopic display efficiently presents a left eye image to the left eye that is isolated from a right eye image that is presented to the right eye. This allows the visual system to merge the two images resulting in the perception of depth, or stereopsis. In current market, there are several methods to create stereoscopic visualization and the most common approaches used today are summarized on next page. Each one has advantage and disadvantage that should be considered by the user. StereoMirror Features:the light path from two polarized LCD monitors is combined using a 50/50 beamsplitter that transmits light from one display and reflects light from the other; find additional information here. Glasses: passive, linearly polarized Pros: high brightness, full stereo resolution, excellent color, no flicker, best stereo image quality, very comfortable, low stereo crosstalk, continuous image Cons:form factor, requires two input signals 3D Vision Features:left and right images are displayed frame sequentially with black frame insertion between, an emitter synchronizes glasses so that the left eye is blocked when a right image is shown and the right eye is blocked when a left image is shown Glasses: NVIDIA 3D Vision active shutter glasses Pros: full stereo resolution, good color, low stereo crosstalk, low cost Cons:low brightness, mild flicker Other Active Glasses Features:left and right images are displayed frame sequentially, an emitter synchronizes glasses so that the left eye is blocked when a right image is shown and the right eye is blocked when a left image is shown Glasses: active shutter glasses Pros: full stereo resolution, good color, low cost Cons:low brightness, mild to significant flicker, mild stereo crosstalk Anaglyph Features:stereo paired images are colored with red/blue or red/green tint for the left eye/right eye image Glasses: red/blue or red/green tint passive glasses Pros: can be used on any color display (even paper), low cost Cons:very high stereo crosstalk, loss of most color information Patterned Polarizer Features:odd display rows are circularly polarized in the opposite direction as all the even display rows, left/right images are split to either the even or odd rows Glasses: passive circularly polarized Pros: continuous image, comfortable Cons:half resolution, limited vertical viewing angle, stereo crosstalk increases with viewing angle Head Mounted Display (HMD) Features:a display in front of the left eye shows the left image and a second display in front of the right eye shows the right image Glasses: electronic glasses with two displays and appropriate optics Pros: zero stereo crosstalk, private view Cons:heavier glasses, eliminates view of surrounding, not multi-user, limited display technology Dual Panel Features:a pair of LCD panels are laminated and controlled with a custom algorithm that allows one panel to control the pixel intensity and the other to control polarization distribution Glasses: passive polarized glasses Pros: full stereo resolution, simultaneous left/right image displayed Cons:low brightness through two panels, complex driving scheme, viewing angle restrictions Autostereo Features:Uses LCD with an added optical element (either lenticular lens or parallax barrier) to create a combined left eye/right eye presentation of the image on the screen Glasses: no glasses required Pros: glasses free, multiple viewing zones are possible Cons:resolution reduced by half or more, high stereo crosstalk, complex content development 2.4.1 REAL D Technology The REAL D 3D theatrical system delivers a high quality 3D movie experience to the viewer. The system is designed to operate on existing digital cinema systems, which include a 3D enabled server and a DLP CinemaÃ¢â ¢ projector (Cowan, 2007). 3.0 METHODOLOGY In order to fully obtain the research required and to gather the accrued information to achieve the aim and objectives of the project, the research method is mainly based on secondary research. However, primary research could be considered as part of the method on this project. 3.1 Primary Research Semi-structured interviewing is perhaps the most common type of interview used in qualitative social research. In this type of interview, some specific information which can be compared and contrasted with information gained in other interviews and also in other sources. (Dawson, 2006) The using of questionnaires is important for a project. In this project, a combination of both open and closed questions can consider to be taken. That way, it is possible to find out how many people have good or bad experience with 3D movies and what public think about 3D movies compare with 2D movies on the same form. Below are advantages and disadvantages of interviews. Advantages: Very useful in obtaining detailed information Obtaining a realistic picture of the way of people view Able to control the search design to fit the project needs Focus on specific subjects Disadvantages: Can be costly Time consuming, by the time the research is complete it may be out of date May not get response if emails or direct mailing are used 3.2 Secondary Research Sharp (2002) defined that secondary data is data collected by others and published in some from that is fairly readily accessible. In order to fully understand the development of live action and post produced stereoscopic, and its current role within the industry, this process requires gathering general information found through secondary data. The secondary research was divided into three parts: The principles of 3D stereoscopic, 3D display, and 3D glasses. The process of 3D stereo conversion. Stereoscopic filmmaking Ã¢â¬â Live-action shooting in 3D. In the first part, a subjective research was done by collecting the information of how human able to see 3D view both in the real world and on the screen through a viewing system. In the second part, Advantages and Disadvantages of the secondary research method Books and journals are likely to be the major source of the secondary data. Furthermore, they are extremely helpful for providing an accurate and in depth information on this project. However finding information on a specific subject is one of the challenges in this project unless there is a journal that focuses on it in its entirety. Although, some information that found from books may be out of date, yet, the history and the concept of 3D is never change. Hence, books consider one of the important sources for this project. Specialist publication such as 3D world and Post are very useful and can be found in the learning centre. The data from the internet is a simple approach to rapidly find information relevant to the project. Especially for this project is considered very useful, considering the lack of any out of date information thatÃ¢â¬â¢s books have provided. However itÃ¢â¬â¢s hard to determine what information is valid on the internet unless the information is clearly referenced such as entertainment technology center website and whitepaper. 3.3 Comparison of the Chosen Methodology 4.0 REFERENCES Lo, C. and Chalmers, A., 2003. Stereo Vision for Computer Graphics, ACM Inc, pp. 110. Julesz, B., 1971. Foundations of cyclopean perception. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Boev, A., Hollosi, D., and Gotchev, A., 2008. Classification of stereoscopic artefacts, tech. rep., Mobile3DTV Project. WestOne, n.d. Ã¢â¬ËResources Ã¢â¬â Principles of 3D StereoscopyÃ¢â¬â¢. [online] www.westone.wa.gov.au Date accessed: 17/01/2011 Schreer, O., Kauff, P., and Sikora, T., eds., 2005. 3D video communication. Wiley. Mendiburu, B., 2009. 3D Movie Making. Oxford: Elsevier Inc. B. Clark, 2010. Ã¢â¬Ë3D Production and PostÃ¢â¬â¢. [online] www.jhfestival.org Date assessed: 25/10/2010 Dr. Dawson, C., 2006. A Practical Guide to Research Methods. Oxford: How To Books Ltd Sharp, John A., 2002. The Management of a Student Research Project. Burlington: Gower Publishing Ltd 5.0 BIBLIOGRAPHY Wandell, B., 1995. Foundations of vision. Sunderland, MA, US: Sinauer Associates. How to cite How has cinema matured and developed within the last 10 years?, Essay examples
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
While there is general agreement about its provisions on maternal and child health, there is great debate on its key proposal that the Philippine government and the private sector will fund and undertake widespread distribution of family planning devices such asÃ condoms,Ã birth control pillsÃ (BCPs) andÃ IUDs, as the government continues to disseminate information on their use through all health care centers. However, the bill is controversial, as it is being opposed by concerned citizens, especially the pro-life, pro-family and pro-God groups, regardless of creed or religion. Debates and rallies supporting and opposing the bills have been happening nationwide. Background of the Study The first time the Reproductive Health Bill was proposed in 1998. During the present 15th Congress, the RH Bills filed are those authored by House Minority Leader Edcel Lagman of Albay, HB 96; Iloilo Rep. Dale Bernard Tuddao, HB 101, Akbayan Representatives Kaka Bag-ao amp; Walden Bello; HB 513, Muntinlupa Representative Rodolfo Biazon, HB 1160, Iloilo Representative Augusto Syjuco, HB 1520, Gabriela Rep. Luzviminda Ilagan. In the Senate, Sen. Miriam Defensor-SantiagoÃ has filed her own version of the RH bill which, she says, will be part of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s commitment to international covenants. On 31 January 2011, the House of Representatives Committee on Population and Family Relations voted to consolidate all House versions of the bill, which is entitledÃ An Act Providing for a Comprehensive Policy on Responsible Parenthood, Reproductive Health and Population Development and for Other Purposes. One of the main concerns of the bill, according to the Explanatory Note, is that the population of the Philippines makes it Ã¢â¬Å"the 12th most populous nation in the world todayÃ¢â¬ , that the Filipino womenÃ¢â¬â¢s fertility rate is Ã¢â¬Å"at the upper bracket of 206 countries. Ã¢â¬ It states that studies and surveys Ã¢â¬Å"show that the Filipinos are responsive to having smaller-sized families through free choice of family planning methods. Ã¢â¬ It also refers to studies which Ã¢â¬Å"show that rapid population growth exacerbates poverty while poverty spawns rapid population growth. And so it aims for improved quality of life through a Ã¢â¬Å"consistent and intelligible national population policy. Ã¢â¬ As policy it states that the State guarantees universal access to medically-safe, legal, affordable, effective and quality reproductive health care services, methods, devices, supplies and relevant information and education thereon even as it prioritizes the needs of wom en and children, among other underprivileged sectors. The bill is highly divisive, with experts, academics, religious institutions, and major political figures supporting and opposing it, often criticizing the government and each other in the process. The Roman Catholic Church expresses its opposition against the bill on many counts, most especially the procurement and distribution of family planning supplies for the whole country, when the available evidence from peer reviewed medical journals supports the hypothesis that when ovulation and fertilization occur in women taking oral contraceptives (OCs) or using intrauterine devices (IUD), post-fertilization effects are operative on occasion to prevent clinically recognized pregnancy. Hormonal contraceptives and/or IUDs directly affect the endometrium. These effects have been presumed to render the endometrium relatively inhospitable to implantation or to the maintenance of the pre-embryo or embryo prior to clinically recognized pregnancy. These make pills and IUDS abortifacient. Pro-life groups, and many professionals in the medical and nursing fields, believe that physicians and policy makers should understand and respect the beliefs of patients who consider human life to be present and valuable from the moment of fertilization. Patients should be made fully aware of this information so that they can consent to or refuse the use of artificial contraceptives. Furthermore, the position of the Catholic Church and the pro-life groups does not mean that they espouse the attitude of natalism at all costs, as if the number of children, in itself, were the unmistakable sign of authentic Christian matrimonial life. The sexual act, properly exercised within marriage only, is ordained primarily to the propagation of life. If there are reasonable motives for spacing births, such as serious medical conditions in the mother, or extreme poverty, then the Catholic Church teaches that married couples may take advantage of the natural cycles of the reproductive system and use their marriage precisely those times that are infertile (natural family planning). Other aspects of the bill being contested by concerned citizens include the classification of family planning supplies as essential medicines when their safety/toxicity profile and legal permissibility are questionable. At the same time, more importance should be given to the prevalent diseases, the top ten leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the Philippines, namely, infections such as pneumonia and tuberculosis. Financial resources allotted by foreign donors to assist the Philippine government programs could actually be better spent towards pursuing health programs targeting communicable diseases than purchasing artificial contraceptives. Very pertinent to the debate about reproduction rights is the right to life. The Philippine Constitution says that the State Ã¢â¬Å"shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conceptionÃ¢â¬ . If artificial contraceptives are medically proven to induce abortion as one of their mechanisms of action, then procurement and distribution of such family planning supplies are unconstitutional and illegal. Conceptual Framework AÃ billÃ is a proposed law under consideration by aÃ legislature. A bill does not become law until it is passed by the legislature and, in most cases, approved by theÃ executive. Once a bill has been enacted into law, it is called anÃ actÃ or aÃ statute. Bills are originated exclusively in the House of Representatives but the Senate may propose also. TheÃ Reproductive Health Bill, informally known as theÃ RH Bill, areÃ proposed lawsÃ in theÃ Republic of the PhilippinesÃ aiming to guarantee universal access to methods ofÃ contraception, fertility control,Ã sexual education, and maternal care. The study lays flow of the investigation based on the concept that a bill should be known by most people, especially students, before it becomes a law. The paradigmatic presentation follows input Ã¢â¬â process Ã¢â¬â output. Figure 1 shows three blocks representing the independent and dependent variables. The first block represents the input variables consist of the profile of subjects under investigation such as their gender, course and personal preference; and their degree of awareness on the Reproductive Health Bill. The second block represents the process used which is the Descriptive Survey Method. The third block represents the output variable which contains the awareness of level IV students of VMUF on the RH Bill. Figure 1. Paradigm of the Study Statement of the Problem This study seeks to determine the awareness of level IV students of VMUF on the Reproductive Health Bill. Specifically, this study ought to answer the following problems; 1. What is the profile of the respondent of the study as to: 2. 1 Gender 2. 2 Course 2. 3 Personal preference (Agree or disagree to RH Bill) 2. What is the degree of awareness of level IV students of VMUF on the RH Bill? Scope and Delimitation of the Study This study deals with the awareness of students of Virgen Milagrosa University Foundation on the Reproductive Health Bill. The respondents of the study are those students enrolled from different colleges of the university under the fourth year level during the first semester, Academic Year 2012-2013. These are the one hundred students from ten selected colleges of the university. Significance of the Study The findings of this study entitled Ã¢â¬Å"Awareness of Level IV Students of Virgen Milagrosa University Foundation on the Reproductive Health BillÃ¢â¬ , endeavors to benefit the following: The University Ã¢â¬â The result of this study will serve as guide to gather knowledge on the awareness of the students on the Reproductive Health Bill for them to decide if they should impose the facts about the bill. The students Ã¢â¬â Students as well as the general public can understand the coverage and limitations of the RH Bill and to gain knowledge on how they would adjust with their beliefs about the bill. The future researchers Ã¢â¬â this material will serve as a reference that could help future researchers collect data produced within this duration. The lawmakers Ã¢â¬â findings of this study could influence the lawmakers to formulate provisions before the bill is passed. Definition of Terms The following terms were defined operationally for clarity and understanding within the context of this study. Adolescent sexuality refers to, among others, the reproductive system, gender identity, values and beliefs, emotions, relationships and sexual behavior at adolescence. AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) refers to a condition characterized by a combination of signs and symptoms, caused by human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which attacks and weakens the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s immune system, making the afflicted individual susceptible to other life-threatening infections. Bill Ã¢â¬â is a proposed law under consideration by aÃ legislature. Descriptive Survey Method describes Data and characteristics about the population or phenomenon being studied by using survey. Demographic Profile the Characteristics of a human population or part of it. In this study, it refers to the gender and course of the respondents. Family planning refers to a program which enables couples, individuals and women to decide freely and responsible the number and spacing of their children, acquire relevant information on reproductive health care, services and supplies and have access to a full range of safe, legal, affordable, effective natural and modern methods of limiting and spacing pregnancy.